Interview as an approach of collecting information: strategy of questions

Interview as an approach of collecting information: strategy of questions

It’s important to differentiate interviews as an approach of collecting interviewing and information as a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two alternative methods are:

  • observation, as soon as the researcher himself can be an eyewitness associated with occasion,
  • working together with papers, in which the document means any material provider texts that are containing images.

Kinds of interviews and their function

Interviews as an approach of information gathering in change are split into:

  • genre (for planning of text when you look at the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to identify the traits of a person, then to reflect them within the text).

The reportage interview had been discussed within the chapter that is previous. Concerning the investigative will find out when you look at the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of the chapter is interview as a genre, as a way of text formatting by means of concerns from the interviewer additionally the answers for the interlocutor. In the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, in which the wide range of concerns associated with the researcher is minimized (often they are not any at all), during the other pole – a discussion, once the journalist not merely asks questions, but additionally speaks much with long arguments.

The fact that the interview is a conversation, shows about the same level of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. Into the usual meeting, the interviewer answers simply take 70-90% of this text. A discussion may be carried out by way of a journalist, by authority equivalent to the interlocutor, so your viewpoint with this journalist had been also interesting to readers, since the opinion of this interlocutor. This is a sign of insufficient qualification if an ordinary journalist speaks as much or more in an interview as an interlocutor.

Types of interviews depending on the subject. Subject interview

With respect to the subject, you will find three forms of interviews:

  • subject,
  • individual,
  • subject-personal.

Topic of the topic interview is hawaii of things in virtually any field of activity. Often this might be a job interview with a professional, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting towards the journalist just as much as he could be linked to this continuing state of affairs. For instance, a police tells how exactly to protect a condo from thieves. A doctor describes just how to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast just how long the crisis will undoubtedly be on the change. Neither the interlocutor’s viewpoint on conditions that deviate through the meeting topic, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of great interest.

The dwelling associated with subject interview comprises of three components. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s reference to the subject. Then there is a parsing associated with subject for the true purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The subject meeting finishes because of the streamlining of that which was said, summarizing, practical guidelines to readers.

The hero regarding the interview that is subject additionally be an eyewitness or participant in the case. It is a given information interview, one of many news genres. The task regarding the journalist would be to learn whenever possible the facts and information on just what occurred. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.